The old name of this area is TIHRUVAZHUNDUR in the period of Cholas at 1000AD Its name is commonly believed to have been derived from the Tamil words aaru (River) + kaadu (Forest). However, arkkaTu meant 'a forest of fig trees.
Its population in 1991 was 45,205; the surrounding area had a population of 114,760.
Arcot is the principal market for the surrounding agricultural area. It also has a viable local weaving industry and ground nut oil industry.
1. Adhiparasakthi College of Arts and Science
2. Adhiparasakthi Engineering College
3. C.Abdul Hakeem College of Arts and Science
4. C.Abdul Hakeem College of Engineering
5. Ranipettai Engg College
6. Arcot Sri Mahalakshmi Women's College
7. Sri Sitheshwarar polytecnic college, Poongodu, Arcot.
8. Saraswathi velu college of engineering,sholinghur
9. SSS college of Arts and Science
1. Sri Ramakrishna Matriculation Higher Secondary School
2. Annai Sarada Matriculation Higher Secondary School
3. Government Boys Higher Secondary School
4. Government Girls Higher Secondary School
5. Sarswathi Dhanakoti Primary School.
6. PNR Matriculation School.
7. Varadharaja Chettiar Elementary School
8. Varadharaja Chettiar Secondary School
9. Shanthiniketan Matriculation School
10. Gangadhara mudaliyar matric higher secondary school
11. Morning Star Matriculation School.
12. Vedhanikethan Matriculation
People over here follow the traditional Tamil culture. The common language of communication is Tamil, but English is widely used and understood by the locals.
The primary source of income is agriculture and small scale industries. A lot of people in Arcot are employed with Industries in SIPCOT (RANIPET), a large Industrial Park.
The primary entertainment for people is movie theatres and temples. If you are fond of shopping, you can visit Vellore (District Headquarters) which is 21 km. away. Frequent bus services are available by both government and private operators.
· Lakshmi DTS (Kamalam)
· Sivan Qube DTS
· Sakthi Qube DTS
· PNR (Murali)
Arcot is located at 12°54′N 79°20′E / 12.9°N 79.33°E. It has an average elevation of 164 metres (538 ft).
It is located at 13.03° N and 80.16° E and 52 feet (15 metres) above sea level
Places of interests in and around Arcot:
· 1.Arcot Government Museum
· 2.Delhi Gate 18th Century Architecture (Built by Robert Clive for his victory)
· 3.Raja Rani pond (Build by Nawabs)
· 4.Green Mosque
· 5.Pancha Pandavar Mountain
· 6.Bear hills
· 7.Natham hills
· 8.Ratnagiri Temple
· Palar Dam
· Tipu aulliya Darga at Bazzar in Arcot. He is the sufi saint who lived in Hyder Ali period at Arcot and he is the great advisor and well-wisher of Tipu Sultan.
· Thimiri Murugan Temple
The town's strategic location has led to it being repeatedly contested and prompted the construction of a formidable fortress. It was captured from the Hindu Marathas by a Muslim Nawab of Karnataka, who made it his capital in 1712. In 1751, Robert Clive captured the town during the conflict between the United Kingdom and France for control of South India. He successfully held it with only 500 men against a powerful opposing army raised by the Marathas, resisting for 56 days (23 September to 14 November 1751). The enemy army eventually dissolved and its leader, Chanda Shahib, was killed. Mohammed Ali Khan Walajah took over as Nawab, effectively serving as a vassal of the British. His successors soon ran up enormous debts at the hands of English speculators. In 1801, the town was annexed by the British East India Company.
In the 20th century, Arcot declined in importance and was incorporated into the district of Vellore. Arcot has the tomb of famous 18th century Sufi Saint - Tipu Mastan Aulia. The story goes that from the blessings of Tipu Mastan Aulia, Hyder Ali had a son, whom he appropriately named after the saint.
In kaspa Sri Vaikunda Varadharaja Perumal Temple is suituated. In that temple Perumal statue posture is differen from others perumal statue here perumal is sitting center with SriDevi and Pudevi this type of posture of Lord Perumal is only present in this temple. More over the three Statues are designed by a Single Stone. This temple has been built under the Pallava era.
K.M from Chennai:
The Bus Distance is 114 km.
The people who lived in the Arcot region especially in and near the temple town of Tiruvannamalai, belonged to a clan called the Arcots. The Nawabs fought with and ruled over them for a long period. With the establishment of the Danish Missionary Society, many of these Arcots converted Christians. The Danish Missionary Society (DMS, currently Dan Mission) established many schools and hospitals. The first missionary of the DMS was a German Rev. C.C.E. Ochs. He started his first Mission station, Bethanien, at Melpattambakkam in South Arcot in 1861. Now all its activities have been transferred to the nearby town Nellikuppam.
The second mission station of DMS was opened at Tirukkoyilur in 1869 by Rev. P. Andersen and was called "Siloam". Siloam church was consecrated on the 10th of October, 1886 and on the same day the first Indian pastors were ordained and more than 30 persons were baptized. A week later a church was consecrated in an outstation, Sengalmedu. The beautiful church in Pop ham's Broadway in Madras was built in the year 1892.
Saron, a third mission station of DMS, was opened in the year 1882 and situated just outside the town Tiruvannamalai. In 1898 a mission station was built in the town. From 1905 it was called "Carmel." The fourth mission station in the Arcot District, "Bethesda," in Kallakurichi was built in 1893 by Rev. A. Larsen. Later DMS started mission stations at Panruti, Vriddhachalam, Devanampatnam, Darisanapuram, and Servaroj Hills, etc. In the year 1913 a church constitution was inaugurated. This church is serving the Tamil-speaking population in the districts of South and North Arcot, Tamil Nadu.
Near By Places :
1. Kizh minnal (Ratnagiri) 2. Visharam ( Mel , kizh) 3. Muppathu vetti (muppanthotti) 4. Veppur 5. Thakkankulam 6. Kalar 7. Tajpura (Dasipuram) 8. Vannivedu 9. Puduppadi 10.Uppupettai 11. Palayanur (timiri) 12. Vilappakkam 13. Masapettai 14. Rendadi 15. Raandham 16. Chakkaramallur 17. Krishnapuram 18.Ramanathapuram(mottur)
MAYANA KOLLAI is very famous here. People will paint themself and would appear like god having Goat flesh in their mouth and drum stick in their hand. They will walk over the bazzar street towards the burial ground. It is very famous function celebrated locally.