Coimbatore Details

Origin of the name:

One theory for the city's name states that the name is a derivation of Koyanputhur (lit. new town of Koyan), after the 12th Century chieftain Kovan or Koyan, who ruled the region around the city during the reign of. This information is present in the Irula oral tradition and is corroborated by the 16-18th Century poem Cholapurvapattayam. Kovanpudur or Koyanputhur evolved and became Koyambuthur or Koyamuthur; It was anglicized as Coimbatore. Another suggested etymology involves the Dravidian root āru 'river' (DED 4233). Yet another theory states that the name could have been derived from Koniamman after the goddess whose temple is situated in the city Henry Whitehead in his Village Gods of South India (1921) states that the goddess worshiped by Koyan came to be called as Koyanamma which evolved into Kovaiamma and later Koniamma.

Population: As per the 2001 census,Coimbatore had a population of 930,882 in Municipal Corporation limits and 1,461,139 for the urban agglomeration. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.

Climate: Coimbatore has a pleasant, salubrious climate, not reaching the high temperatures of other southern India cities. Under the Koppen climate classification, the city has a tropical wet and dry climate. Situated in the Western part of the state of Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore is located at an elevation of about 398 meters. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures during summer and winter varies between 35C to 18C. highest temperature ever recorded is 41 C and lowest is 12 C.

Economy: he city's primary industries are engineering and textiles. Coimbatore is the highest revenue earning district in Tamil Nadu. Coimbatore is called the Manchester of South India due to its extensive textile industry, fed by the surrounding cotton fields. The district also houses the country's largest amount of hosiery and poultry industries. Most of the industries are run by entrepreneurs, often indigenous with family based or community financing. The city's industrial growth started in 1920s and accelerated after independence, without any government assistance or the entry of external industrial houses. The city serves as the homeground for most of the well known industrialists from Tamil Nadu. Of late, information technology companies have started opening offshore development centres in the city.

Agriculture:

Education:

In 1867, the first group of students appeared for the SSLC Examinations from Coimbatore. The earliest educational institutions established in the city are C.S.I. Boys High School (1831), St. Michael's Higher Secondary School (1860), Stanes Anglo Indian Higher School (1862), St. Francis Anglo Indian Girls High School (1880), Sarvajana High School (1910) and Suburban Higher Secondary School (1917). Presently there are three types of schools in Coimbatore - 1) government run schools (corporation schools) 2) schools funded by the government but run by private trusts (aided schools) and 3) schools funded and administered by private trusts. They are classified as Tamil Nadu Anglo Indian School Board, Tamil Nadu State Board, Matriculation and CBSE schools according to the syllabus taught in them. The Coimbatore Education District (not the same as the revenue district) is the unit of administration for education in the city. In 2010, the number of students who wrote the SSLC (Standard 10) and Higher Secondary (Standard 12) examinations was both around 30,000.

Coimbatore is home to state owned universities like Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (est. 1971), Bharathiar University (1982), Anna University Coimbatore (2007) and private universities like Karunya University (1986), Avinashilingam University (1987), Amrita University (2003) and Karpagam University (2005). There also plans to establish a "world class" university in the region and to convert the Government Arts College into a unitary type university. The first college opened in Coimbatore was the Government Arts College (187576). The Forest College and Research Institute was opened in 1916. The first engineering college in the city was started by G.D. Naidu as the Hope College in 1945. Later it became the Government College of Technology, Coimbatore. The Air Force Administrative College was established in 1949 to train Indian Air Force personnel. PSG College of Technology and Coimbatore Institute of Technology (CIT) were started in the 1950s. Coimbatore Medical College was opened in 1966 and the Government law college started functioning from 1978. The agricultural school established in 1868 was converted into a full fledged agricultural university (Tamil Nadu Agricultural University) in 1971. Several private engineering and arts & science colleges were started during the education boom in the 1990s. As of 2010, Coimbatore district is home to 54 engineering colleges, 2 medical colleges, 18 polytechnics and more than 70 Arts and Science Colleges

 

Industries:

Coimbatore houses a large number of small and medium texitle mills. It also has central Textile research institutes. The neighbouring town of Tirupur is home to some of Asias largest garment manufacturing companies, exporting hosiery clothes worth more than Rs. 50,000 million.

Information technology

The city is the second largest software producer in Tamil nadu, next only to Chennai. The software development is set to take an upswing with the launch of TIDEL park and other planned IT parks around the city. The IT industry in Coimbatore is nascent compared to its textile and manufacturing industries, with Tata Consultancy Services, Cognizant Technology Solutions, Robert Bosch GmbH, KGISL and CSS Corp Pvt Ltd to name a few.

Coimbatore is also emerging as an IT and BPO city. Coimbatore is ranked at 17th place among the global outsourcing cities.

Manufacturing

Research and Development Organisations like Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, South India Textile Research Association[www.sitra.org.in], contribute a lot to the city. Other industries like PSG, Sakthi group contribute a lot, and the now closed South India Viscose are one of the major employers in the city. Larsen and Toubro (L&T) has a 300-acre (1.2 km2) campus on the outskirts of Coimbatore, Eachanari bypass road, Malumichampatti. L&T also commissioned its Casting Manufacturing Unit (CMU) near Malumichampatti in December 2009. Some of the other major industries are Lakshmi Machine Works Ltd (LMW), Premier Instruments & Control Limited (PRICOL), Premier Evolvics, ELGI Equipments, Shanti Gears, Roots Industries. Coimbatore is also called as the Pump City.

Auto components

Textool offered a prototype of Sten Guns to the Indian Government after independence. They developed the first in-house designed car in the 1960s, which never saw the light of day due to the license raj. They made several prototypes until the 1990s. They successfully manufactured India's first indigenously developed diesel engines in 1972 for cars and their own CNC lathes in 1982. Today their spin-off company, Jayem Automotives, offers R & D services to Mahindra, Tata Motors and Hindustan Motors.

Maruti Udyog and Tata Motors source up to 30% of their automotive components from Coimbatore. The city also houses numerous jewellers engaged in jewellery exports. Wind Energy major Suzlon has planned to set up a foundry & machine shop in Coimbatore. Along with it Hansen Transmission, a Belgian Company which manufactures gearboxes for windmills is setting up a plant here with an investment of Rs 940 cr.

Wet grinders

Coimbatore has more than 700 wet grinder manufacturers with a monthly output As of March 2005[update] of 75,000 units. The term "Coimbatore Wet Grinder" was given a Geographical indication for wet grinders manufactured in Coimbatore and Erode in 2006 Coimbatore is also home to a common facility for the manufacturers of wet grinders

Pump manufacturing

It is also called as the pump city of India. The City houses large number of small scale engineering companies. The motor and pump industry supplies two thirds of Indias requirements, while its wet-grinder industry has a near monopoly. Agriculture is still the major occupation in the district as in any other part of the Country. General trade attracts people from all over the state including the neighbouring Kerala. The Major Pump industries Suguna pumps, Sharp Industries, CRI Pumps, Texmo Industries, Deccan Pumps & KSB Pumps are renowned world wide.

Coimbatore also has a 160,000 square feet (15,000 m2) trade fair ground, built in 1999. It was named COINTEC due to its hosting of INTEC (Small Industries Exhibition). The Trade Fair complex, one of the country's largest, was built in six months, and is owned by CODISSIA (Coimbatore District Small Industries Association). It is also the country's largest pillar-free hall, according to the Limca Book of Records.[70]

Movie Theatre:

        Baba Complex A/C DTS

        Ganesh Cinema Hall Coimbatore

        KENNEDY TALKIES

        Kg(Big cinema-coimbatore)

        Royal Theatre

        Shanthi Multiplex

        Shivalaya Theatre

        Ambal Complex

        Carnatic A/c DTS

        Kaveri A/c DTS

        KG Complexe

        V R Multiplex (Central)

Geography : .

Coimbatore is located at 111′6″N 7658′21″E

Tourism: .

 

 

 

 

 

History:

Information about the origins of Coimbatore is scarce and speculative. The Kosar tribe mentioned in the second century CE Tamil epic Silappathikaram and other poems in Sangam literature is associated with the Coimbatore region (Kongu Nadu). During 12th Century CE, Coimbatore was ruled by Irulas, whose chieftain Kovan, gave his name to the city. Coimbatore is situated at the eastern entrance to the Palakkad Gap, the principal trade route between the west coast and the interior of Tamil Nadu. Large number of Roman coins and other artifacts have been unearthed around Coimbatore, indicating the region's ties with Roman traders. The Coimbatore region is in the middle of the "Roman trail" that extended from Muziris to Arikamedu. The medieval Cholas conquered the Kongu Nadu in the 10th century CE. Much of Tamil Nadu came under the rule of the Vijayanagara Empire by the 15th century. The Vijayanagara reign brought new settlers from Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. In the 1550s, the military governors (Telugu speaking Nayakars) of the Vijaynagara Empire took control of the region. After the Vijayanagara Empire fell in the 17th century, the Madurai Nayaks established their state as an independent kingdom, with other Vijayanagar offshoots forming new kingdoms in Vellore, Tanjore, Gingee, Chandragiri and Mysore. The Nayaks introduced the Palayakkarar system under which Kongu nadu region was divided into 24 Palayams.[9] Between 1623 and 1672, Coimbatore was part of a territorial dispute between the Thanjavur Nayaks and Madurai Nayaks.

In the later part of the 18th century, the Coimbatore region came under the Kingdom of Mysore, controlled by Hyder Ali and later Tipu Sultan. After defeating Tipu Sultan in the Anglo-Mysore Wars, the British East India Company annexed Coimbatore to the Madras Presidency in 1799. Coimbatore played a prominent role in the Second Poligar War against the British in 1801, as it was the area of operations of Dheeran Chinnamalai. In 1865, Coimbatore was established as the capital of the newly formed Coimbatore district and in 1866 it was accorded the municipality status. Sir Robert Stanes became the first Chairman of the Coimbatore City Council.[12] Industrialisation of the region begin in 1888 and continued into the 20th century. The city experienced a textile boom in 1920s and 1930s due to the decline of the Cotton industry in Mumbai. The region played a significant role in the Indian independence movement.[14] Post independence, Coimbatore has seen rapid growth due to industrialisation. In 1981, Coimbatore was constituted as a corporation.[15

 

K.M from Chennai: Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) is 495 km and takes approx 7 hrs, 51 mins by road.

Notes:.

Near By Places :

Irugur, Singanallur, Sulur, Chettipalaiyam, Madukkarai, Perur, Periyanayakkanpalaiyam, Annur, Karamadai, Palladam, Avanashi, Periyanegamam, Sirumugai, Tiruppur,

 

Festivals:

The annual can festival is celebrated with much joy and rousing sounds of cheers and crackers. The people who come here from elsewhere for the festivals enjoy the lightening atmosphere. The car will be decorated wonderfully during the festival. Thaipoosam, Panguni Uthiram, Pongal and Diwali are other festivals celebrated here.

        Thus we have witnessed such a lot of entertaining places, holy shrines, cascades, clams, artificial parks, hill stations in and around Coimbatore and facilities suit the tourists very much. Coimbatore as a tourist centre has got its own uniqueness. Hope you might change to a Romantic after visiting Coimbatore!