Population: As of 2001India census, Kanchipuram had a population of 152,984. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%.
Weather of the temple city of Kanchipuram is pleasant enough. Essentially a tropical climate, the temperature here is stable between 280 C and 380 C all through the year. There are occasional rains with an average rainfall being 87cm. Here, you can expect no wild turnaround in the weather's mood.
Kancheepuram is also known as 'Silk City', since one of the main professions of the people living in and around is weaving silk sarees. The silk weavers of Kanchi settled more than 400 years ago and have given it an enviable reputation as the producer of the best silk sarees in the country.
Kanchipuram is also one of the most industrialized districts in the country, thanks to its proximity to the state capital Chennai. Areas surrounding Sriperumbudur have turned out to become one of the largest manufacturing hubs of India. The district is home to the manufacturing units of Hyundai, Ford, Mitsubishi, Nokia, Samsung, Dell, Saint Gobain etc... The district is also at the center of the Information Technology boom in India. Many multinational IT companies like Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Infosys, Wipro Technologies, Cognizant Technology Solutions etc... have set up their offices in Kanchipuram district. TCS and Infosys have built huge offices with capacities of 22,000 and 25,000 employees respectively.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people with 47% of the population engaged in it. Paddy is the major crop cultivated in this district. Groundnuts, Sugarcane, Cereals & Millets and Pulses are the other major crops cultivated. 76.50 Metric Tonnes lands are cultivated in Fuel wood and 8.039 Tonnes in Cashew. Palar river along with Tanks and wells are the main sources of irrigation in this district.
Universities and Medical Colleges
One of the largest industrial areas of Tamil Nadu, Kanchipuram has the pride in being home to vital production bases of international industrial groups like: Ford, Hyundai, Saint Gobain as well as many export houses in and around the Madras Export Processing Zone. The reasons are not far to seek:
· Proximity to the Chennai urban area
· Proximity to an international airport and two sea ports at Chennai and Ennore
· Excellent connectivity through the world class East Coast Road and upcoming upgraded NH4 & 45
· Moderate cost of land
· Good industrial parks at Maraimalainagar, Alanthur, Irungattukottai, Sriperumbudur, Siruseri, Oragadam and Paranur
· Reasonably good power quality with the North Madras Power Station and Kalpakkam Atomic Power Station located in and around the District.
· Availability of skilled and highly qualified manpower at Chennai and suburbs with IIT, Chennai and the Anna University at a stones throw.
The product range from factories in Kanchipuram extends to the following range:
· Cars (Hyundai of S. Korea and Ford Motors of the USA)
· Phones (Nokia , Motorola )
· Auto parts (Sona Steering, Rane-TRW restraint systems, DAEWHA, Brakes India, AUDCO, etc.)
· Float Glass (Saint Gobain of France)
· Airconditioners (National of Japan)
· Leather Industries in Pallavaram
· Information Technology Industries on the IT Highway (TCS, Cognizant, Infosys, American Megatrends, Wipro Infotech, etc.)
· Sugar Industry (Madurantakam Coop Sugar Mills at Padalam & SV Sugars at Palayaseevaram)
· Fashion Garments (at MEPZ and surrounding areas)
· Pharamaceuticals, Chemicals and Dyes (ORCHID Chemicals, Maruti Marine, White House Dyes, Kanchi Karpooram, etc.)
· Dies & Forgings (FOMAS)
· Optic Fibers (Fujikura-TTL at MM Nagar)
· Blood bags
Kancheepuram district is situated on the North East coast of Tamil Nadu. It is bound by Bay of Bengal in the East, Vellore and Thiruvannamalai districts in the west, Thiruvallur and Chennai districts in the north, and Villuppuram district in the south. It lies between 11° 00' to 12° 00' North latitudes and 77° 28' to 78° 50' East longitudes. The district has a total geographical area of 4,43,210 hectares and a coastline of 57 km
Kanchipuram is a major temple city of Tamil Nadu. Vishwakarma Brahmin Sthapathis have shown their excellent architecture cognizance in planning the architecture and sculpting the numerous temples at Kanchipuram. The list gives the consolidated list of temples in and around Kanchipuram revered by the hymns of Alvars as well as Saiva Kuravars or Nayanmars.
Kanchipuram is one of the oldest cities in South India, and was a city of learning for Tamil, Sanskrit, and Telugu, and was believed to be visited by Xuanzang (Hsuan Tsang). It was during the reign of Pallava dynasty, from the 4th to the 9th centuries that Kanchipuram attained its limelight. The city served as the Pallava capital, and many of the known temples were built during their reign. The founder of Zen Buddhism, Bodhidharma was born here, as was the famous Sanskrit writer Dandin.
The king of Kanchi, Pallava Mahendravarman I was a great scholar and musician, a man of great intelligence and also a great Sanskrit satirist and playwright.
Xuanzang, the great Chinese traveler, visited the city in the 7th century and said that this city was 6 miles in circumference and that its people were famous for bravery and piety as well as for their love of justice and veneration for learning. He further recorded that Buddha had visited the place.
As regards learning, Kanchi stood second in glory only to Banaras. The history of Kanchi can be traced back to several centuries before the advent of the Christian era. The place finds its name in Patanjali's Mahabhashya written in the second century BCE Manimekalai, the famous Tamil classic, and Perumpanatru Padai, a great Tamil poetical work, vividly describe the city as it was at the beginning of the Christian era. Pattupattu, one of the sangam literatures records that the king Thondaiman Ilandirayan ruled this town around 2500 years ago.
K.M from Chennai: Kanchipuram is 76 km.
Near By Places : Dusi, Walajabad, Uttiramerur, Sriperumbudur, Chengalpattu, Walajapet, Vandavasi, Tiruttani, Arcot, Peranamallur,
Some of the famous festivals hosted by the temple town of Kanchipuram are the Brahmotsavam at the Varadaraja temple in May, the Garuda Sevai at the Varadaraja temple in June, the Float Festival at the Varadaraja temple in February and November, the Kamakshi Ammam Festival in February, the Mahashivaratri Festival at the Kailashanatha temple in February and the Panguni Uthiram at the Ekambareshwara temple in March-April.