Palakkad Details

Origin of the name:

Palakkad is supposed to have derived its name from the “Pala tree” (Alsteria Scholaris) and “kadu” (forest). Palakkad, due to its geographical position, has a strategic role in Kerala. Before the commissioning of Konkan Railway along the Western coast, Palakkad was the gateway to Kerala from the country.The 32 to 40 km gap in the 960km Western Ghats functions as an inlet for northeast monsoon and dry winds. N H 47, a major artillery of Kerala, passes through this Ghat section.The  whole area is said to have been once covered by pala trees.

Population: In the 2001 census Palakkad had a population of 130,736.

Climate: This place has by and large the same climatic conditions prevalent elsewhere the state: a dry season from December through February, a hot season from March through May; the Southwest Monsoon from June through September and the North East Monsoon from October through November. The South West Monsoon is usually very heavy and is responsible for nearly 75% of the annual rainfall. The dry season is generally hot and humid, with temperature varying between 20°C and 30 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2800 mm.

Economy: Agriculture, once the mainstay of the local economy, has turned out to be least attractive in recent times. It has also become, and as many farmers complain, less profitable too. The result is that there is a steep decline in agriculture as the only source of income in any given family.

Agriculture: Agriculture is the main occupation. The most prominent crop is rice. Palakkad is known as the Rice Bowl of Kerala.



Industries: Palakkad District is now undergoing the process of industrialization at a fast pace. The district is in an advantageous position for locating the industrial units, due to the factors such as availability, cost of land, industrial labour, power, pollution, infrastructural facilities ,water etc.The total number of registered Small Scale Industrial Units in the district comes to 17293 as on March 2000.The number of SSI units registered in the district during the year 1999-00 is 1647.The growth rate was increasing at a higher rate during the period 1985 – 90 and then stagnant around 14 % per year.The performance of small scale units in the district is higher than that of the state.

         There are 25 large and medium scale industries in the district.Some of the major industries are Malabar Cements Ltd., Indian Telephone Industries Ltd., Instrumentation Ltd.,Carborandom Universal Ltd., B.P.L. Ltd., Co-op.Sugars Ltd., KEL, Precott Mills, TATA Keltron Ltd., Maricco Industries, Rallies India Ltd., etc. The details regarding the key industries, their location, products manufactured

Movie Theatres: Priyadarshini, Irudaya, Cine Aroma, Aroma Theatre.

Geography: Palakkad district lies between north latitude 10° 46` and 10° 59` and east longitude 76° 28` and 76° 39

Sea level: 10 m to 80 m above sea level

Tourism: Places of interests in and around Palakkad

Palakkad Fort - Fort dating from 1766, built by Hyder Ali of Mysore. In 1784, after a siege which lasted eleven days, the British Colonel Fullerton stormed the Fort] Later it fell into the hands of the Zamorin’s troops, but was recaptured by the British in 1790. This well-preserved fort is also known as Tipu's (Tipu Sultan, son of Hyder Ali) Fort. Today there is a functioning jail in the fort grounds.

Paddy fields in Palakkad

Heap of rice straw, usually seen in front of houses in Palakkad district.


A typical fence made of bamboo usually seen in villages of the Palakkad district.


How Palakkad derived its name is a bit of a matter of choice since there are so many opinions and views tracing its etymology. According to one version, “Pala” (barren) along with “kadu” (jungle) joined together to give the land its name.Yet another version says that it was with respect to the Jain Temple of the place that led to its name, Palighat, since Pali is the sacred language of the Jains. Palighat subsequently gave way to Palakkad. The most believed version is the third one according to which Palakkad owes its name to the Pala trees that once occupied its major portion. As for the history of Palakkad goes, very little is known about it. Evidence in the form of relics suggests that Palakkad existed during the Paleolithic age. First millennium AD saw the Perumal rulers exercising their control over the land. This control was later disintegrated into smaller divisions by the Perumal governors. Accounts of William Logan, the Scottish author of the Malabar Manual also mentions Palakkad as one of the Malabar regions that was captured by the Pallavas of Kanchi.

Notes: Palakkad (Malayalam: പാലക്കാട്) is a town and a municipality in the state of Kerala in southern India. It is the administrative headquarters of Palakkad District. Palakkad lies near the Palghat Gap, a pass or natural depression through the Western Ghats ranges that run parallel to the west coast of India, and connects Kerala to the plains of the state of Tamil Nadu to the east. The people of Palakkad speak Malayalam.

Near By Places :

Chittur, Ottappalam, Mannarakkat,Perur, Madukkarai, Anaimalai, Shoranur, Pollachi, Coimbatore, Singanallur, Chettipalaiyam,Periyanegamam,Periyanayakkanpalaiyam, Irugur,Thrissur,


Kalpathy : One of the 18 Agraharams of Palakkad District on the banks of the Kalpathy river. One of the oldest settlements of Tamil Brahmins in Kerala, it dates back to the 15th century.