Origin of the name:
Palakkad is supposed to have derived its name from
the “Pala tree” (Alsteria Scholaris) and “kadu” (forest). Palakkad, due to its
geographical position, has a strategic role in Kerala. Before the commissioning
of Konkan Railway along the Western coast, Palakkad was the gateway to Kerala
from the country.The 32 to 40 km gap in the 960km Western Ghats functions as an
inlet for northeast monsoon and dry winds. N H 47, a major artillery of Kerala,
passes through this Ghat section.The whole area is said to have been once
covered by pala trees.
In the 2001 census Palakkad had a population of 130,736.
This place has by and large the same climatic conditions prevalent elsewhere
the state: a dry season from December through February, a hot season from March
through May; the Southwest Monsoon from June through September and the North
East Monsoon from October through November. The South West Monsoon is usually
very heavy and is responsible for nearly 75% of the annual rainfall. The dry
season is generally hot and humid, with temperature varying between 20°C and 30
°C. The average annual rainfall is 2800 mm.
Agriculture, once the mainstay of the local economy, has turned out to be least
attractive in recent times. It has also become, and as many farmers complain,
less profitable too. The result is that there is a steep decline in agriculture
as the only source of income in any given family.
Agriculture: Agriculture is the main
occupation. The most prominent crop is rice. Palakkad is known as the Rice Bowl of
- Karuna Medical College
- Vyasa Vidya Peethom,
- Government Higher Secondary
- Islamic English school,
- Govt Engineering College, Sreekrishnapuram
- NSS College of Engineering,
- College of Applied Science,
- Government Victoria College,
Palakkad - Home page
- NSS College, Ottapalam
- Sealy Memorial HighSchool,
- NSS College, Nemmara
- SN College, Alathur
- Mercy College, Palakkad 
- Govt College, Chitoor,
- Govt LBS centre of science
and technology, Nurani, Palakkad
- Govt Polytechnic, Palakkad,
- Govt Technical High School,
Marutha Road, near BPL junction, Palakkad
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Ottapalam
- Vyasa Vidya Peethom,
Kallekkad Railway High School
- B.E.S Bharathi Tirtha
Vidyalayam , Kallekkad
- Gangothri English Medium School,
Affiliated to CBSE, Delhi, Nemmara, Palakkad District.
- H.S Katampazhipuram - 678633
- Junior Basic School
Katampazhipuram - 678633
- Saraswathy Sisu Vidya
Manthiram - Katampazhipuram - 678633
- Kendriya Vidyalaya,
- Bharatha Matha Higher
Secondary School, MES Kalladi College Mannarkad
- M.E.S Higher Secondary
School, Olavakkode, Palakkad
- M.P.Moothedath Memorial Sree
Narayanaguru College, Shoranur
- A.K.N.M.M.A.Memorial High
- St.Thomas Convent Higher
Secondary School, Kallekulangara, Palakkad
- St.Annes School, Vallikode,
- St.Sebastian High School,
- Karuna central school,
- K.K.M.H.S.S. Vandithavalam
- G.H.S.S pattenchery
- V P A U P S KUNDURKUNNU
- T.S.N.M.High School,
- Kendriya Vidyalaya,Hemambika
- Karimpuzha High School,
- St.Dominic's convent English
medium H.S.S., Sreekrishnapuram, Palakkad
- Sreekrishnapuram govt.
- Muslim Vocational Higher
Secondary school, Pudunagaram
- Model Residential School,
- Model High School Chedathara
- G.H.S.S Kottayi
- Govt Higher Secondary School
- Vocational Higher Secondary
C.F.D School, Vettikatu, Mathur.
- B.E.M.Higher Secondary
- Holy Trinity School,
- Assissi Higher secondary
- RCLP School, Chandrapuram,
- Bapuji English Medium
School, Muttikulangara, Palakkad
- A.S.M.M. Higher Secondary
- Holy Family Convent ,Alathur
- Govt Boys High School
- Govt Higher Secondary School
- K.C.P. Higher Secondary
- P.H.S PalliPPuram
- Govt.Moyan's Girls Higher
Secondary School Palakkad-678001
- Govt.High School,
Thenkurissi, Palakkad -678671
- Seventh Day Adventist
English High School Pudussery
- Pandit Mothilal Govt Model
Boys High School, Nr. Govt Victoria College, Palakkad.
- Sree Saraswathy Vidhya
Nikethan mulayankavu, kulukkallur
- Rosi Modern English Medium
School, Kalpathy, Palakkad
- 'pandit motilal gawahar higher secondary
High School, Mundur, Palakkad. 67592.
- Cherupushpam Girls Higher
Secondary School Vadakkencherry.
- Govt.Higher Secondary School
Industries: Palakkad District is now undergoing the process of
industrialization at a fast pace. The district is in an advantageous position
for locating the industrial units, due to the factors such as availability,
cost of land, industrial labour, power, pollution, infrastructural facilities
,water etc.The total number of registered Small Scale Industrial Units in the
district comes to 17293 as on March 2000.The number of SSI units registered in
the district during the year 1999-00 is 1647.The growth rate was increasing at
a higher rate during the period 1985 – 90 and then stagnant around 14 % per
year.The performance of small scale units in the district is higher than that
of the state.
There are 25 large and
medium scale industries in the district.Some of the major industries are
Malabar Cements Ltd., Indian Telephone Industries Ltd., Instrumentation
Ltd.,Carborandom Universal Ltd., B.P.L. Ltd., Co-op.Sugars Ltd., KEL, Precott
Mills, TATA Keltron Ltd., Maricco Industries, Rallies India Ltd., etc. The
details regarding the key industries, their location, products manufactured
Irudaya, Cine Aroma, Aroma Theatre.
Geography: Palakkad district lies between north
latitude 10° 46` and 10° 59` and east longitude 76° 28` and 76° 39
level: 10 m to
80 m above sea level
Tourism: Places of interests in and
Palakkad Fort - Fort dating from
1766, built by Hyder Ali of Mysore. In 1784, after a siege which lasted eleven
days, the British Colonel Fullerton stormed the Fort] Later it fell
into the hands of the Zamorin’s troops, but was recaptured by the British in
1790. This well-preserved fort is also known as Tipu's (Tipu Sultan, son of
Hyder Ali) Fort. Today there is a functioning jail in the fort grounds.
- Malampuzha Dam and
Malampuzha dam garden. This is a large irrigation dam built on the river
Bharathapuzha at the base of the hills of the Western Ghats. The gardens,
the amusement park for children, and the boating facilitices on the
reservoir make Malampuzha a centre of interest for tourists, easily
accessible from Palakkad.
fields in Palakkad
- Jain Temple of Jainimedu -
Situated on the western border of Palakkad town and not far from the
railway station, this is an historic Jain Temple. The area around the
temple is known as Jainimedu. This is one of the few places in Kerala
where vestiges of Jainism have survived without substantial damage.[
The granite walls are devoid of decoration. The temple, 32 feet
(9.8 m) long and 20 feet (6.1 m) wide, consists of four
divisions with images of Jain Thirthankaras and Yakshinis in three of
them. Kumaran Asan wrote his monumental poem Veena Poovu (the
fallen flower) at a Jain house here during his brief stay with his master
Sri. Narayana Guru.
- Parambikulam The Parambikulam Wildlife
Sanctuary, covering 285 km², is 135 km from Palakkad and
adjacent to the Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu. Besides being
a home for elephants, wild boar, sambar, bison, guar, crocodiles, and a
few tigers and panthers, it has a rich diversity of flora and fauna.
Trekking in the forest is allowed with prior permission. Boating
facilities are available on the lake. The large Cannimare Teak Tree is
here near Thunakadavu.
- Silent Valley National Park
A dense rain forest and the habitat of rare species 80 km from
Palakkad. It is popularly known as the evergreen forest and noted for its
eerie silence because of the lack of cicadas It is an important biosphere
reserve in the Western Ghats and home of the tribal people. The valley is
known for the rare Lion-Tailed Macaque. This National Park is a protected
area for tigers also.
rice straw, usually seen in front of houses in Palakkad district.
- Nelliampathi Known as the
Ooty of KeralaNelliampathy, about 80 km from Palakkad, is a hill
station in the Nelliampathy forest ranges. This forest range constitutes a
series of ridges cut off from one another by valleys of dark evergreen
- Pothundy Dam Around
35 km from Palakkad town, Pothundy Dam is situated on the way to
Nelliampathi hills. The hill area to Nelliyampathy hills starts from
Pothundy Dam. People visiting Nelliampathi, stop here to enjoy the beauty
of the dam as well as to relax during their long journey up the
- Walayar Dam is around
25 km from Palakkad town, It is located on the border of Kerala and
Tamil Nadu. It is a beautiful place. It is an easily accessible location
to the visitors to and from Tamil Nadu also. There is a Deer park located
3 km from Walayar.
typical fence made of bamboo usually seen in villages of the Palakkad district.
- Attappady Attappady is an
extensive mountain valley above the crest of the Ghat ranges, with several
rivulets of the river Bhavani. The area
is dominated by tribal people.
- Punarjani Guha The Punarjani
Guha is a natural tunnel 15 meters long in the rocky cliff. It is
2 km from the Thiruvilwamala Temple and the chief presiding deity is
Sri Rama. The idol is believed to be ‘swayambhoo’, i.e. born on its own.
It is believed that performing ‘noozhal’ -- crawling through the tunnel
from one end to the other—will wash away all of one’s sins and thus bring
about rebirth. Only men are allowed to do the ‘noozhal’: women may only
visit the cave. This ritual is practised on only one day per year, on
Guruvayur Ekadashi. This particular site actually comes under the district
- Killikkurussimangalam This
small village is the birthplace of the famous Malayalam satire poet and
founder of the Ottamthullal art form, Kunchan Nambiar. The home of the
greatest Koodiyattam maestro and authority of abhinaya Natyacharya
Vidushakaratnam, Padma Shri Guru Mani Madhava Chakyar, is also here
- Kanjirapuzha Dam: This dam
feeds almost half the agricultural land of the district. It supplies water
to such places as Mannarkkad, Ottappalam and Shoranur, and is the biggest
dam built with soil in Kerala. There is a garden in front of the dam.
- Peruvemba Well known for its
festivals, the Chandabhishegam in December and Peruvemba Vela in April.
- Kalpathi Most famous of the
eighteen agraharams of Palakkad, for its annual Ratholsavam.This place is
also famous for Ajitha and Lakshmikanth's love story
- Srikrishnapuram: A small and
welcoming village; the name comes from Palakkadussery Sekhari Varma Raj.
It is one of the many villages of Palakkad. Punchappadam and Karimpuzha
are also included in this village area
- Dhoni Waterfalls: It is a
gift of nature to the district with green forest, rocks, shallow water and
beautiful water fall. Dhoni waterfall is in the western ghats 15 km
from the Palakkad Town bustand and 9 km from the Palakkad Junction
railway station. There is a beautiful temple near the mountain valley and
it is believed that this was built by the Goddess for Shiva Bhagawan.
- Integrated Rural Technology
Centre - IRTC
: Integrated Rural Technology Centre is an R&D and Training
Institution situated at Mundur, Palakkad. It develops or adapts technology
having rural applications. Training and follow up facilities are extended
in various livelihood programmes.
- Pariyanempatta Bhagavathi
Temple, Kattukulam, Mangalamkunnu, Palakkad
- Koduvayur: Koduvayur is one
of the major markets in Palakkad district. The vegetable and cloth markets
here attract customers as well as dealers from different parts of the
state as well. The famous car festival is celebrated here. Major market
possessions are managed by Moothans, the Vaisya sect of Palakkad and
- Cherpulassery Ayyappankavu
is the famous Dharmasastha Temple, where thousands of devotees visit,
especially during Mandala season. Many who go to Sabarimala start from
here. The ten days long Utsavam in the month of Kumbham attracts thousands
- Karnaki Temple. Palakkad has
a Karnaki Temple where goddess Kannaki is worshipped in her full idol
form. In the Karnaki temple, Kerala form of pooja practices are done by
Kerala Brahmins (Namboothiris) and in the Siva Temple in the same
compound, Tamil Shaiva form of pooja practices are carried out by Tamil
- Vayillyamkunnu - (new name
Kadambazhipuram): The name Vayillyamkunnu came from VAYILLAKUNNILAPPAN -
the last member of PARAYI PETTA PANTHIRUKULAM of the famous saint
Vararuchi. It is a historical place which was famous due to Gandhian
activities and Sanskrit scholars. Vayillyamkunnu Bhagavathy Temple is
famous for its Pakalpooram, the Annual festival.
- SREE CHEMITTIYA BAGAVATHY
KSHETRAM: Around 6 kms from PALAKKAD town on CHITTUR road is the temple of
the goddess. Every year during MARCH - APRIL the annual fair happens here.
There are many people who come here for rituals during that season. The
temple committee is setting up a MARRIAGE HALL which on completion can
help many of the surrounding village to use this.
- CHITTUR BAGAVATHY
KSHETRAM : 18 Kms from PALAKKAD TOWN in CHITTUR dedicated to Goddess
CHITTUR BAGAVATHY, annually there is a temple fair conducted by the locals
and the family called KONGAN PADA [KONGAN ARMY] during FEB - MARCH.The
story goes thus:
How Palakkad derived its name is a bit of a matter of
choice since there are so many opinions and views tracing its etymology.
According to one version, “Pala” (barren) along with “kadu” (jungle) joined
together to give the land its name.Yet another version says that it was with
respect to the Jain Temple of the place that led to its name, Palighat, since
Pali is the sacred language of the Jains. Palighat subsequently gave way to
Palakkad. The most believed version is the third one according to which
Palakkad owes its name to the Pala trees that once occupied its major portion.
As for the history of Palakkad goes, very little is known about it. Evidence in
the form of relics suggests that Palakkad existed during the Paleolithic age.
First millennium AD saw the Perumal rulers exercising their control over the
land. This control was later disintegrated into smaller divisions by the
Perumal governors. Accounts of William Logan, the Scottish author of the
Malabar Manual also mentions Palakkad as one of the Malabar regions that was
captured by the Pallavas of Kanchi.
Notes: Palakkad (Malayalam: പാലക്കാട്) is a town and a municipality in
the state of Kerala in southern India. It is the administrative headquarters of
Palakkad District. Palakkad lies near the Palghat Gap, a pass or natural
depression through the Western Ghats ranges that run parallel to the west coast
of India, and connects Kerala to the plains of the state of Tamil Nadu to the
east. The people of Palakkad speak Malayalam.
By Places :
Chittur, Ottappalam, Mannarakkat,Perur, Madukkarai,
Anaimalai, Shoranur, Pollachi, Coimbatore, Singanallur,
- Tharakkad Neeratu Ganapathy Sankata
Hara Chathurthy (Monthly )
- Mannarkkad Pooram -
Udayarkunnu Bhagavathy Temple- Mannarkkad
- Valliya Aarattu -Karnaki
Amman Temple, Moothanthara celebrated in the month of Medam Punertham
- Kodunthirapully Navarathiri
- A Vibrant colorful festival with more than 20 Elephants and ChendaMelam
(Falls on Sepetember mid to October month) every year
- Chinakathur Pooram: A
spectacular festival celebrated in every March-April in the famous Durga
temple at Palappuram
- Cheramkulangara Vishu Vela (April
- Akathethara-Thekkethara Vela
- (March 30 ) (Meenamasathille, Karthika)
Vela - April 24
- Padur Vela - February 24
- Pudussery Vedi - February 28
- Kalpathy Ratholsavam. Famous
for Kalpathy Rathotsavam held during the second week of November every
Kalpathy : One of the 18 Agraharams of Palakkad District on the banks
of the Kalpathy river. One of the oldest settlements of Tamil Brahmins in
Kerala, it dates back to the 15th century.
- Nellissery Ratholsavam.One of the 18 Agraharams of
Palakkad District.Nellissery village had been the only landmark in Indian
history where Kanchi Paramacharya Sri Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi
Swamigal & Mahatma Gandhi met each other in the year 1927.
- Chittur Konganpada
- Nemmara-Vallanghi Vela -
Nemmara Vela Photographs
- Koduvayur car festival - The
ancient and famous Koduvayur car festival is celebrated on Thiruvathira of
malayalam month Dhanu. Visit http://www.keralapuram.co.nr (or
http://keralapuram.50webs.org) for more
- Sree Maha Ganapathy Sahayam
- Naga Sahayam Vela- April 17
- Manappullikavu Vela
- Vayilliamkunnu Pooram
- Kavasseri Pooram (celebrated
on "Pooram" star day in "Meenam" Malayalam month
- Mangottu Kavu Temple Vela -
Second Sunday after Vishu (every year)
- Vadakkanthara Vela (only
once every 3 years)
- Ashtami Rohini (Sreekrishna
Jayanthi) (Kunnathurmedu Sreekrishna Temple )
- Kizhkencherry Ratholsavam -
- Thiruvara Niramaala -
- Karumanassery Ratholsavam -
- Tattamangalam Angadi Vela
Angadi Vela Photographs - celebrated every 2 years
March-10 & 11-2009 (Pournami Day Of Kumbamasam)
- Puthur Kavu Vela - April 7
- Pariyanampatta Pooram -
- Peruvemba Vela
- Kannambra Vela - May 24
- Nurani Sasthapreethi (Every
year end of Dec - beginning of Jan) www.nuranivillage.org
- Puthucode Navaratri Festival
for 9 days September - October.
- Kallepully Kummati Kummati
Festival during February - March every year
- Kongad Pooram Festival at
the Kongad Shri Thirumandankunnu Bhagavati Temple during March- April
- Mangod Pooram festival at
Mangottukavu Bhagavathy temple; it is situated near the heritage village,
- PariyanamPatta Pooram:
Pooram at the Pariyanampatta temple, MangalamKunnu, Palakkad. It's the
famous festival of Valluvanadu. The pooram day is (Malayalam) Kumbam 7.
- Manappullikavu Vela
Cheruppil Kavu: It is situated 2 km from Palakkad railway station.
The Goddess is "Cheruppil amma". One of the famous festivals is
"PANA" which happens once in every 5 years. It is a 41 day
festival. Various famous art forms are performed on these days.
- Thiruvaraikkal Temple Pooram
- Thiruvaraikkal Temple
Pooram, Thiruvazhiyode: Thiruvaraikkal Temple pooram festival is
celebrated on April 20 (Medam 7). The temple is situated 37 kilometres
from Palakkad town (Palakkad - Cherpulassery route).
- Mathur Kooth Festival
(Kalikavil Bhagawathy Temple, Mathur Padinjharethara, Mathur, Palakkad )
Celebrates Kooth Festival in April - May , in every year.
- Pariyanempatta Bhagavathi
Temple, Kattukulam, Mangalamkunnu, Palakkad
- Pappady Sreekrishna Temple-
Ashtami Rohini and Kumbabhishekam in every year.
- Athaniparambu Chandhana
- Harvest festival: The
festival of harvest celebrated around October every year at the C.S.I
Churches of Palakkad.