Pondicherry Details

Origin of the name:

Tamil: புதுச்சேரி Putuccēri; French: Poudouchéry), popularly known as Pondicherry, is a Union Territory of India. It is a former French colony, consisting of four non-contiguous enclaves, or regions, and named after the largest region, Puducherry. The territory was officially known as Pondicherry until 2006 when it was renamed Puducherr

Population: It is 9,73,829

Climate:

  WINTER : Runs from December through February. Daily temperature around 30°   C and   nights are pleasant, even cool. This is high tourist season in puducherry.

 SUMMER
:

From March through July has hot and humid climate. Temperature routinely touching    40° C in May and June. Normally around 35° C-38° C.

     MONSOON
:

The monsoon on the west coast brings temporary relief towards the end of July and in 
                            August which results in milder temperatures and occasional showers which might 
                            continue right upto the month of October. The North West Monsoon in October 
                            through December brings cooler whether. The monsoon develops through out this 
                            period, peaking in November and occasional quick tempered storm fill the streets for a 
                            day or so.Throughout the year, evening sea breezes can bring relief.

The weather in puducherry is hot. But it can be managed. And it can be delightful.

 

Economy:

Agriculture: Agriculture is one of the main occupation of the people of the Union territory of Pondicherry. Paddy, form a major crop of Pondicherry agriculture. Some of the other crops grown in the region are condiments, chillies, spices, pulses, coconuts, groundnut and arcanuts. During 200-01, rice was cultivated on 27,972 hectares of land.

Modernization in agriculture sector with the introduction of new and uniform crops in the fields has adversely affected the diversity of local varieties of crops. This has led to very severe undesirable ecological effects. Several varieties of paddy such as Vaigunda, Seeraga samba and Kuthiraival samba are on the verge of extinction due to these unhealthy practices. If these varieties are conserved, it will help in the positive growth of Pondicherry agriculture in many ways.

Education:

Industries:

Pondicherry has nearly 5,500 small scale industries apart from 23 large scale and 80 medium scale industries. Taken together, these provide employment to more than 50,000 people. Some of the significant industries in Pondicherry are chemicals, textiles, light engineering, metals, and food processing. Special mention needs to be made of the tourism sector in Pondicherry. Due to its French past, coastal location, Aurobindo ashram, Auroville, cuisine, and resorts, Pondicherry attracts tourists by hordes! In 2006 alone, more than 300,000 tourists from all over the world visited Pondicherry. As a result, Pondicherry's investment opportunities are tremendous hotels, resorts, amusement parks, and spas, all are lucrative sectors. The Indian government supports investment in Pondicherry by increasing subsidies.

Sectors like eco-tourism, footwear, and marine products are some of the areas where an investment boost is expected in Pondicherry.

Movie Theatre:

·         BigCinemas Theatre

·         Balaji Theatre

·         Muruga Theatre

·         Newton Theatre

·         Raja Theatre

·         Ratna Theatr

·         Shanmuga Theatre

 

Geography : Its at a 11°56′N 79°50′E / 11.93°N 79.83°E

Tourism: .

Serenity

Serenity beach

This beach is ten-minute drive to the north of the town. The ambience is well-captured in its name. It is ideal for a quick dip and for sun bathing

Plage Paradis

At Chunnambarm 8kms from the town, along Cuddalore Main Road, lies this stretch of tropical paradise. Flanked by a quiet-flowing creek on one side. You can sail downstream to the sands and pitch up a cozy seaside tent for yourself. Overnight within the tree-houses on the backwater banks provides a relishing experience of the great outdoors.

A short, pleasant cruise into the sea from here could reward you with the memorable sight of playful dolphins in natural habitat, horsing around.

 

Karaikal Beach

Sunrise-watchers can catch their magnificent view over the bay, with the pretty Arasalar river reaching out to the sea

Alternatively, you can canoe or Kayak in picture-book surroundings or have a round of beach volley ball.

Mahe Beach

Twenty two kms south of Kannur

, on the northern strip of coastal Kerala lies this bewitching beach strip. From Calicut, you will find this 75kms north of the town, bordered by a luxuriant crop of tall palm and dotted with numerous fishing hamlets.

Yanam River Cruise

Yanam, in coastal Andhra Pradesh, provides a different route to exhilaration. As you enjoy a sunset cruise down the spectacular Goringa Godavari river which winds through rich mangrove forests

Puducherry is one of the most popular tourist destinations in South India] The city has many colonial buildings, churches, temples, and statues, which, combined with the systematic town planning and the well planned French style avenues, still preserve much of the colonial ambience. Pondicherry is also known as La Côte d'Azur de l'Est meaning "The French Riviera of the East".

The most popular tourist destinations are the four beaches in Puducherry, which are Promenade Beach, Paradise Beach, The Auroville Beach and Serinity Beach. Sri Aurobindo Ashram located on rue de la Marine, is one of the best-known and wealthiest ashrams in India. Auroville (City of Dawn) is an "experimental" township located 8 km North-West of Puducherry. Auroville is meant to be a universal town where men and women of all countries are able to live in peace and progressive harmony, above all creeds, all politics and all nationalities[6].

There are a number of eighteenth and nineteenth century churches in Puducherry as well as a number of heritage buildings and monuments are present around the Promenade beach such as the Children’s Park & Dupleix Statue, Gandhi statue, Nehru Statue, Le Café, French War Memorial, 19th Century Light House, Bharathi Park, Governors Palace, Romain Rolland Library, Legislative Assembly, Puducherry Museum, and the French Institute of Pondicherry at Saint-Louis Street.

Joyful boat rides at Chunnambar boat house (Puducherry-Cuddalore Road) and at Osutari lake, Botanical Garden for joyful train ride and for unseen natures beauty.

Thirukaameeswarar Temple is one of the ancient, beautiful, and huge temples that is located in a beautiful rural town called "Villianur" (the ancient name was Vilvanallur, which means "vilva marangal niraindha nalla vur"), which is located about 10 km away (towards Villupuram) from Puducherry town. This temple is Renowned As "Periya Koil", which means "Big Temple" in Puducherry locality. The prime god is Lord Shiva and the prime goddess is Goddess Kokilambigai. In addition, there are also other Hindu gods such as Murugan, Vinayagar, ThakshanamoorthY, Perumal, Bhramah, Chandikeshwarar, Natarajar, Navagrahah, and 63 Naayanmaars. The pioneers in this temple say that the age of this temple is about 1000+ years. This seemed to be constructed by one of the Chola Kings. There is also a huge "temple pond". One of the famous festival of this temple is "Ther Thiruvizha" (Car Festival).

The other important temple is "Sri Manakula Vinayagar Temple" located within the Puducherry town.

 

History:

 There are various references to the word Poduke, a port town on the Coromandal Coast, in history. The identification of a Roman trading centre in the immediate vicinity of Pondicherry adds weight to the equation of Poduke with Pondicherry. Although this has been suggested by more than one writer, the equation of Poduke with Puduvai the name by which the town was known in the early days, seems to be more acceptable. According to tradition, the town was once upon a time an abode of scholars well versed in the Vedas and hence came to be known as Vedapuri. During the days of Ottakoothar and Kambar in the 11th and 12th centuries, Puducherry was known in its shortened form as Puthuvai.

Joseph François Dupleix became the Governor of the French Territory in India on 15 January 1742 and brought Madras also under French control in September 1746; Madras continued under French rule for 30 years. An attack on Pondicherry by the British in 1748 failed. Dupleix's help to Chanda Sahib and Musafer Jung in 1750 added Villianur and Bahour, a group of 36 villages, to French control. This was the peak period of the French regime; thereafter there was a decline in their sovereignty.

Internal disturbances in Pondicherry gave the British the opportunity, in August 1793, to gain control of Pondicherry; it was administered as part of Madras until 1815. However, after the Treaty of Paris in 1814, the British restored the settlements, which the French had possessed on 1 January 1792, back to the French in 1816. French rule continued until 31 October 1954.

Pondicherry helped in the freedom movement in British India since 1910. Sri Aurobindo of Bengal came to Pondicherry in 1910 followed by patriots like Poet Subramanya Bharathi, V.V.C Iyer and others. In 1918, the British demanded the extradition of Sri Aurobindo and other freedom fighters. The French government did not comply with this. Gandhi visited Pondicherry in 1934 and Jawaharlal Nehru in 1939.

Following the understanding reached between the Governments of India and France, the question of the merger of Pondicherry with the Indian Union was referred to the elected representatives of the people for decision in a secret ballot on 18 October 1954; 170 out of 178 elected representatives favored the merger. The de facto transfer of power took place on 1 November 1954; the de jure transfer on 16 August 1962.

K.M from Chennai : It is at Distance of 137km

Notes:.

Near By Places :

·         Ambattur,131 km    

·         Avadi, 135 km   

·         Chennai,  137 km   

·         Thanjavur,  146 km  

·         Tiruvottiyur,146 km     

·         Tiruchchirappalli, 177 km    

·         Salem,   184 km  

·         Tirupati, 196 km     

·         Dindigul,270 km     

 

Festivals:

Pondicherry is an abode of temples dedicated to Lord Sulramaniar and various forms of ammans viz, Muthumariammam, Angalamman, etc. The famous fire walking and Sedal festival are generally the most important festivals of these temples.            

1. Fire walking - Those who vow to take part in the fire walking ordeal observe 40 days fast and wear saffron coloured clothes and after a purificatory bath, walk through the fire stretch to the astonishment of the spectators.

2. Sedal - The famous sedal is understood to mean self-imposed physical torture undertaken by devotees who pierce small silver hooks and spears in their body or tongues in fulfillment of some vow. It is said that as many as 100 needles are pierced over their body. They then go in a procession after a bathclad in turmeric strained clothes.

3. Mascarade festival - Mascarade or Mask festival is celebrated sometime during March-April in Pondicherry It reflects one more facet of the French sense of humor with fantastic mask and fancy costumes, revelers go round the streets in joyous merriment indulging in a kind of gimmic dance to the accompaniment of beating accordion the trumpets.

4. International Yoga Festival - Yogis and Yognis from the world over assemble in Pondicherry from the 4th to the 7th January every year. Through live show and talks, through the display and sample of the varied yogic food and through Indian dance and music, they keep alive the art of Yoga. Its science. And its Pondicherry. 

Other festivals/fairs include, one in Karaikal Ammayur temple which holds the annual 'Mangani' festival (July) which is a well attended 'Mela' as also Kandoori festival celebrated by Karaikal Durga  and the feast of our lady of Lourdes celebrated by our lady of Lourdes church.