As of 2001 India census, Rajapalayam had a population of 121,982
The climate of the region is semi-arid tropical monsoon type. Temperature range is 20°C to 37°C.It has a high mean temperature and a low degree of humidity. April, May and June are the hottest months of the year. The southwest monsoon which sets in June and lasts till August brings scanty rain. The bulk of the rainfall is received during the northeast monsoon in the months of October, November and December. Rajapalayam is also famous for its Mango.
The economy is based on the manufacture of textiles, and there are mills for spinning and weaving cotton, as well as a large cotton market.
Agriculture was the principle source of livelihood of people of Rajapalayam. In the mid 1900s, the small town of Rajapalayam gradually evolved into a thriving business community. Due to the enterprising and hard working nature of its people, commerce developed quickly in the region
Rajapalayam has many higher secondary and high schools, which provide quality education. Most of the schools are established due to the vision and philanthropy of wealthy Rajus.
Notable schools in town are:
§ Ananda Vidhyalaya
§ N.A. Annappa Raja Higher Secondary school
§ Chinmaya Vidyalaya
§ S.S.Govt. Hr. Sec. School
§ P. A. Chinnaiah Raja Memorial School
§ P.A.C Ramasamy Raja Matriculation Hr Sec School
§ A.K.D. Dharmaraja School
§ Nadar Hr. Secondary School
§ N.A. Ramachandra Raja Gurukulam
§ P.K.K. Vidhyasram
§ S.S.D.N School
These schools frequently compete with each other in providing better and quality education and people from the nearby town also come to these institutions to get education.
During the yester century,like many conservative communities, the womenfolk among the Raju's caste did not continue their schooling due to the restrictive nature of this community. Girls are mostly confined to their homes after they attain puberty. Today there has been a lot of progress and women continue their education beyond high school and many have become accomplished doctors, engineers and professionals. Higher education which was once the preserve of wealthy people of this town has become possible to its ordinary people with the beginning of a separate women's college in the town.
A Gurukulam (old style institute teaching Sanskrit and Vedic literature) has also been set up recently.
There is a polytechnic (TAFE) named,
§ PACR Polytechnic College. A highly reputed technical institute and has produced a number of talented engineers in various fields.
§ N.A.Manjammal Polytechnic college. having 5 courses gives quality education.
And, there are two colleges in the town, named:
§ Rajapalayam Raju's College.
§ AKD Dharma Raja Women's college.
Several industries, particularly cotton based flourished. Hence it got the name "Cotton city". Today Rajapalayam is one of the most industrialized cities in southern Tamil Nadu and people of all communities and religions live and contribute for its growth.
· Rajapalayam Mills Ltd- Manufacturer of cotton yarn
· Rajapalaiyam Spintext- Manufacturer of cotton yarn
· Rajapalaiyam Textiles- Manufacturer of cotton yarn
· Sri Ramco Spinners- Manufacturer of cotton yarn
· Sri Vishnu Shankar Mill Ltd- Manufacturer of cotton yarn
· Ramaraju Surgical Cotton Mills- Manufacturer of surgical bandages & cloth
· Sandhya Spinning Mills Ltd- Spinning mill, part of Ramco Group
· Geetha Krishna Spinning Mill Pvt. Ltd.- A quality cotton yarn manufacturer
· Sree Karpagambal Mills Ltd.- Large yarn spinning and fabric weaving mill since 1956
· Sethuram Spinners Pvt. Ltd.- Leading spinning mill in Rajapalayam. Manufacturers and exporters of open end yarn, 100% cotton open end (OE) yarn used for making of denim, terry towel, bottom weights, industrial fabrics and furnishings etc
· Polyspin Export ltd- manufacturer and exporter of p.p.bags and jumbo bags
· Sterling Techno(P) Ltd- Manufacturer of cotton yarn
· Madras Chip Boards- Manufacturer of flush doors
· Limenaph Chemicals (P) Ltd is Manufacturers of cement paints (colours), adhesives, lime powder, paints, distemper and alloied products.
· Ramaraju Surgicals Surgical dressings, cotton wool, grey, gauze, absorbent gauze and bandages from the Ramaraju Surgical Cotton Mills have been manufactured to international quality standards for almost 60 years now.
· Raju Spinning Mills (P) Ltd-Manufacturer of cotton yarn
· Nachiar Spinning Mills. - The largest and number one exporters of cotton yarns and cloths from Rajapalayam to all the Europe and African countries
· Shri Padmavathi Cotton Mills- Manufacturer of cotton Yarn.
Rajapalayam city acquired the total area of 11 sq kms. It is located 9Â° 12` to 9Â° 47` N latitude and 77Â° 20` to 78Â° 26` E longitude. The climate of the city is Semi- arid -tropical monsoon type. It has a high mean temperature and a low degree of humidity. In summer the maximum temperature is 37.1Â°C and minimum is 25.4Â°C. In winter the maximum temperature is 29.2Â°C and minimum is 20.4Â°C. The maximum rainfall of the city is 792 mm
Sea level: 175 m above sea level
K.M From Chennai:
Rajapalayam (Tamil Nadu) is 558 km and takes approx 8 hrs, 51 mins by road
Ayyanar Koil forest area is located 10 km west of Rajapalayam on the eastern slope of Western Ghats. The forest area has many of streams, waterfalls, springs and a temple. Hiking in this forest area is one of the main recreations for Rajapalayam residents. Rajapalayam Water Reservoir, which provides water to the entire city, is situated en route to Ayyanar Falls. Rajapalayam Dam and Rajapalayam Water Treatment Plant are also situated adjacent to the Rajapalayam Water Reservior.
Sanjeevi Hills is a small hill situated in south-west Rajapalayam en route Chatrapatti area. The calm and serene ambience makes it a favorite spot for tourists. Tradition recounts that in order to save the unconscious Lakshmana, Hanuman, the monkey god carried the entire Sanjeevi Hills with the herbal plants to Sri Lanka and threw it away afterwards. It is said that the thrown down hill is the Sanjeevi Hills.
Srivilliputtur is a town nearby Rajapalayam. The primary landmark of Srivilliputtur is twelve-tiered tower structure dedicated to the Lord of Srivilliputtur, known as Vatapatrasayee. The tower of this temple rises 192 feet high and is the official symbol of the Government of Tamil Nadu. It is said to have been built by Periyaazhvar, the father-in-law of the Lord, with a purse of gold that he won in debates held in the palace ofPandya King Vallabhadeva. Another wonder in Srivilliputtur is Chariot which runs on AdiPuram.
The Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary, spreads over 480 square kilometres was established in 1989 in Shenbagathopu, Srivilliputtur Taluk. This sanctuary is contiguous with the Periyar tiger reserve on the south-western side and the Megamalai reserve forest on the north-western side. The altitude varies from 100 m to 2010 m above sea level. The sanctuary is home to the endangered, arboreal grizzled giant squirrel Ratufa macrora. This greyish brown squirrel weighs from 1 kg to 1.8 kg and is in the size of a small cat. It measures about 735 mm long from nose to tail, with the tail measuring from 360 mm to 400 mm long. These squirrels construct drays at forked branches where the crowns of neighbouring trees meet, enabling these squirrels to move away from the site by jumping from tree to tree when threatened.
Rajapalayam got its name from the name of the community that is dominant here - Rajas or Rajus a Telugu speaking community that had migrated from Andhra Pradesh in mid 15th Century A.D. The word 'palayam' is frequently used in many Tamil cities as a suffix and it translates roughly as a 'fort'. The Raju families of Raja-palayam are descendents of families led by the brother of the Vizianagaram Maharaja, Pusapati Chinna Raju, who initially settled at Kila-raja-kula-raman and then moved their settlements to Rajapalayam. The original emigrants served under Chokkanath Nayak, king of Madurai. They purchased land from Vijay Ranga Chokkanath Nayak and constructed Rajapalayam in 1885.
Initially, Agriculture was the principle source of livelihood of people of Rajapalayam. In the mid 1900s, the small town of Rajapalayam gradually evolved into a thriving business community. Due to the enterprising and hard working nature of its people, commerce developed quickly in the region and several industries, particularly cotton based flourished. Hence it got the name "Cotton city". Today Rajapalayam is one of the most industrialized cities in southern Tamil Nadu and people of all communities and religions live and contribute for its growth.
It's also known for the Rajapalayam breed of dog.
Near By Places :
The major languages used in Rajapalayam are Tamil, Telugu and English.
Most important festival of Rajapalayam is the sacred wedding ceremony of
Goddess Meenakshi and Lord Sundareswarar. This festival is held during March
-April. During this festival the city displays a colourful and joyous mood.
Images of the divine couple are taken around the city in a tastefully decorated
chariot, amidst the presence of a huge gathering of devotees. The notes of
Nadaswaram and drums further aggravate the festive ambience. The annual float
festival marks the images of Meenakshi and her consort floating on the
Mariamman tank on an illuminated raft bedecked with flowers. As such there are
festivals throughout the year in Rajapalayam. All most 11 big annual festivals
are celebrated, which are spread through the year with exception of the monsoon
months. There are several libraries, theaters and town halls for entertainment
in the city.