As of 2001 Indian Census the Salem Urban Agglomeration had a total population of 751,438, comprising Salem Municipal Corporation (696,760), Kondalampatti (16,808), Kannankurichi (14,994), Neykkarappatti (9,869), Mallamooppampatti (6,783) and Dalavaipatti (6,224).
Climate: January, 40.3° F; August, 67.0° F; annual average, 52.6° F
Salem is one of the major producers of traditional silver anklets, which are popular among women. It boasts large textile,steel,automotive, poultry and sago industries. Salem also has one of the largest magnesite deposits in India. Companies like Dalmia and TANMAG have mines here. The Leigh Bazaar market is one of the largest regional markets for agro products Salem had an active film production with Rathna studio and former Modern Theatres Studios being the hub of Tamil film productionNow defunct, Modern Theatres produced some of the most successful Tamil films, in which many veteran actors appeared, including former Chief Minister M.G. Ramachandran. However, there are presently no studios in Salem.
Salem, which was once considered the most educationally backward district in Tamil Nadu, now has a good number of educational institutions.
It has a Govt. medical college named Government Mohan Kumaramangalam Medical College, Salem started in 1986. It is recognized by MCI, with an annual intake of 75 MBBS seats. It is attached to the Government Head Quarters Hospital, Salem and the classes are conducted in Medical college which is located about 10 km from the hospital.
Now the hospital is under upgradation ] on the lines of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) at a cost of Rs.120 crores from the assistance of Central Government. New buildings are under construction.
Periyar University is located in Omalur, near to Karuppur, Salem-11 was established in 1997.
§ Vinayaka Missions University, Salem. Vinayaka Mission's University was established in the year 2001 as a 48th University in India.
Salem city has a very oldest college viz, Government Arts College at Salem-7, instituted 170 years ago. This college was originally belonged to the Salem Municipal corporation, which was transferred to the Government of Madras in the year aroun 1963-6 when M.Gopal was the Chairman of Salem Municiplaity. If not then Salem would have been the only place where a Municipality was having a college.
· Government Arts College (Autonomous), Salem - 7.
· Government Arts College for Women, Salem - 8.
· Jairam Arts & Science College.
· Padmavani College of Arts and Science.
· Shri Sakthi Kailassh Women's College.
· Sri Ganesh College.
§ Vinayaka Missions Kirupananda Variyar Engineering College
§ AVS Engineering College, Ammapet, Salem established in 2008.
§ Maha College of Engineering, established in the year 2004, situated in Minnampalli near Ayodhiyapattinam, at a distance of 12 km from the city.
§ The Kavery Engineering College, Mecheri, Mettur.
§ Greentech College of Engineering for Women established in 2008, Attur.
§ Rabindranath Tagore Institute of Engineering and Technology established in 2008, Attur.
§ Bharathiyar Institiute of Engineering for Women established in 2008, Attur.
§ Narasu’s Sarathy Institute of Technology established in 2008, Omalur.
§ VSA School of Engineering, Uthamacholapuram, Salem -10.
§ SRS College of Engineering and Technology, Salem-636122.
§ CSI Polytechnic college,Yercaud Main Road, Salem.
§ MIT Polytechnic College, Cauvery Cross, Mettur.
§ Murugesan Polytechnic college, Karumapuram, Salem.
§ the Salem Polytechnic College, Panamarathupatti Pirivu Road, Salem.
§ Thiyagarajar Polytechnic College, Suramangalam, Salem.
§ Kavery Polytechnic College ,M.Kalipatty,Salem.
§ Rajaji Institute of Technology ,Periya Seeragapady,Salem.
§ Muthaiyamal Polytechnic College
§ Holy Cross Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Salem (for Boys Only)
§ Cluny Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Salem (for Girls Only), celebrating Golden Jubilee this year (2010)
§ Sri Vidya Mandir [CBSE], Anandhashram, Meyyanur, Salem.
§ AGN MAtriculation and Higher Secondary School, Konganapuram, Salem- 637 102
§ Amala Matriculation and Higher Secondary School, Morasapatti, Salem (DT)
§ Golden Spark Matriculation Higher Secondary School,Bangalore Main Road,Salem-636012.(Hostel attached for both Boys and Girls)
§ Government higher secondary school ,valasaiyur ,salem-122
§ Government higher secondary school,S.Kollapatti,salem-30
§ Jay Matriculation Higher Secondary school,Ponnamapet,Salem-636003.
§ Vaigai Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Vazhapadi ,Salem - 636111.
§ MAM Higher Secondary and Matriculation School, Mettur dam.
§ Montfort Higher Secondary School, Yercaud.
§ Municipal Girls Higher Secondary School, Ammapet, Salem - 636003.
§ SHY Higher Secondary School, Yercard.
§ Bharathi Vidyalaya Higher Secondary School, Maravaneri, Salem.(FOR BOYS ONLY)
§ Government Higher Secondary School, Kondalampatti, Salem.
§ Glaze brooke Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Reddiyur, Salem.
§ Little Flower Higher Secondary School, 4 Roads, Salem.
§ Little Flower Matriculation School, 4 Roads, Salem.
§ Christopher Matriculation School, Salem
§ C.S.I. Higher Secondary School, Shevapet, Salem. (for Boys only)
§ C.S.I. Matriculation High School, Shevapet, Salem.
§ Holy Angels Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Fairlands, Salem.
§ NotreDame of Holy Cross School [CBSE], Gundukaloor, Salem - 636104.
§ Golden Gates Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Salem.
§ Golden Choice Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Salem.
§ Gugai Higher Secondary School, Line Medu, Salem.
§ Gugai Matriculation Higher School, Line Medu, Salem.
§ Sri Vidya Mandir [CBSE], Ammapet, Salem.
§ Sri Vidya Mandir Matriculation Higher Secondary School(Steel Plant)
§ Sri Vidya Mandir [CBSE], Shevapet, Salem.
§ Sri Vidya Mandir [CBSE], KONDALAMPATTY, Salem.
§ Vasavi Higher Secondary School, Shevapet, Salem.
§ Sri Ramakrishna Saradha Higher Secondary School, Salem.
§ Sri Saradha Vidyalaya, Salem.
§ Sourashtra High School, Salem - 1.
§ St.John's Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Salem - 16. (for Boys Only) Hostel Attached
§ Bala Bharathi Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Salem - 7.
§ St.Paul's Higher Secondary School, Salem-07 (for Boys Only)
§ St.Joseph's Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Line Medu, Salem - 6. (for Girls Only)
§ St.Mary's Higher Secondary School, Arisipalayam, Salem. (for Girls Only)
§ St.Mary's Higher Secondary School, A.N.Mangalam,Karipatty(VIA),salem
§ St.Mary's Matriculation School, Arisipalayam, Salem. (for Girls Only)
§ Sri Vidya Mandir Higher Secondary School, Attayampatty.
§ Sri Saradha Bala Mandhir Higher Secondary School (for boys only), Salem.
§ Saraswathi Matric Higher Secondary School, Attur.
§ Maruthi Higher Secondary School, Manivizhundan (South), Attur.
§ Classic Matriculation School - Siruvachur, Attur.
§ Holy Flower Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Salem.
§ Tagore Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Attur.
§ Jothi Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Ammapet, Salem.
§ Raj Matriculation Higher Secondary School, P.G. Palayam, Attur.
§ Sindhi Hindu high school, Naraya Nagar. Salem
§ Government Girls Higher Secondary School, near Valluvar statue, salem-1.
§ Bharathi Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Thammampatti.
Industries and Sago Factories at Salem City
· Bhuvana Dyers, Salem-6
· Devi Colouring Center, Dying Factory, Gugai, Salem-6
· Dye Factory The Ammapet Handloom Weaver Co.op, Production and Sales Society, Ammapet, Salem-3
· Ganga Dyers, Salem-6
· Rajammal Colours, Dyeing Factory, Gugai, Salem-6
· Sri Venkateshwara Lakshmi and Co., Annadanapatti, Salem-6
· Thirumalai Calendaring Mills, Nethimedu, Salem-2
· Bottlers (p) Ltd, Salem-7
· Eswari Cottage Industries, Salem-2
· Hendry and Woolsey Company, Salem-1
· Narasus Coffee Co., Johnonapet, Salem-7
· Padmanaba Soft Beverages, Salem
· Renuka Fried Grass Mill, Salem-2
· S.M.P. Sons, Salem-1
· Sri Rajaganapathy Fried Mill, Pallapatty, Salem-9
· Tamil Nadu Tobacco Co., Ltd., Shevapet, Salem-2
· The Shevarfoy Plantation Coffee curing works (p) Ltd., P.n. Pet, Salem-1
· Victoria Vermicelli worlds, Salem-1
· Annamalai Retreading Co., Trichy, Main Road, Salem
· L.G. BalaKrishnan and Bros., Ltd., Salem - 4
· Stanes Tyre and Rubber Products Ltd., Meyyanur Roads, Salem - 4
· Sundram Industries Ltd., Salem-1
Movie Theatre: Some of the famous theatres are Sapna, Santham, Santosh,SANGEETH COMPLEX, ARRS Multiplex, BIG CINEMAS(KS Theatre),RAJ SABARI
Geography : Salem is located at 11.669437°N 78.140865°E. It has an average elevation of 278 metres (912 ft). Salem is surrounded by hills and the landscape is dotted with hillocks.
Get complete tourist information around Salem District. Shevaroys, Yercaud, Sankagiri and Mettur dams are famous tourist places in Salem. Our detailed tourist information is useful for plan your trip to Salem and make your journey as very comfortable.
The name Salem appears to have been derived from hai or Shalya or Sayilam which are found in inscriptions referring to the country around the hills. Salem and the hilly region around it were part of the Chera and Kongu country in ancient times. They were ruled by their own Kongu Kings who were the Kurunila Mannargal of ancient Tamilnadu. Local folklore has it that the region around Salem was the birthplace of theTamil poetess Avvaiya. Inscriptions from the Ganga dynasty have been recovered from parts of the district. The city lies in the middle of Kongu Nadu.
Salem then later became part of the Western Ganga Dynasty and was long ruled by the Gangakulam rulers. With the Southern invasion of Tamilnadu by Vijayanagar empire, Salem came under the Madurai Nayaks. Later, it was ruled by Gatti Mudalis Poligars of Salem who built some famous temples and fort in and around the city. In the early 18th century, it came under Hyder Ali after a long feud know as theMysore-Madurai war. Salem was then taken from Hyder Ali by Colonel Wood in the beginning of 1768. It was recaptured by Hyder ali towards the end of the year 1772. Under Lord Clive in 1799, it was again occupied by a detachment of the regiment stationed at Sankagiri Durg and remained a military station until 1861 when the troops were altogether withdrawn. One can find places like Magnum Chowltry renamed now as Magudanchavadi. During the times of Dheeran Chinnamalai, places like Salem and Sankagiri were the scene of battle between Konguforces and British allied forces. The legendary Kongu chieftain Theeran Chinnamalai was hanged infamously in the Sankagiri fort on Adi Perukku day which later became the army headquarters of the British.
K.M from Chennai : it is at Distance of 326km33336 33
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