The name Thiruvannamalai was derived from the name of the holy mountain Tiruvannan Malai. In Thiruvannamalai, Lord Shiva took the form of a column of fire which had no beginning or end, so as to destroy the ego of Lord Vishnu and Brahma. It is said that Lord Shiva in ardhanarashwari form, with one half being Goddess Umadevi, appeared before his devotees here.
Population: As of 2001 Thiruvannamalai had a population of 130,301.
Thiruvannamalai has hot climates during summers and moderate climate during winters.
· Summers (March to May) are hot with temperature hovering around 28°C to 39°C. Tourists prefer to keep off from visiting during the hot summer days in April and May months.
· Monsoons(June to September) offer medium to heavy rainfalls bringing comfort from hot summer days.
· Winters (December to February)are pleasant during with the temperature in the band of 20°C to 26°C.
In spite of being fairly close to the city of Chennai, there are no major industries in and around Thiruvannamalai. As a result, a large number of people of this district have traditionally been looking for opportunities either in Bangalore or in Chennai.
Industries: These are the major industries
· Large industries 6 44,790
· Micro ,Small & Medium
· 14,796 57,119
· Cottage inds 15,927 16,020
· Handicraft ind 6,013 6,272
· LARGE SCALE 6 474.4 4322
· MICRO 6015 22.70 13556
· SMALL 268 80.40 2144
· HANDICRAFTS 2331 13.90 3459
· Cheyyar FOOT WEAR SEZ
· Dharani Sugars
· Cheyyar Sugars
· ACTM Chidambaram Spinning Mills
· Balasubramanian Spinning Mills
· Lakshmi saraswathy Spinning Mills
Distance From Chennai: Tiruvannamalai is situated 185 km
Geography : The coordinates are 12° 30' 0" North, 79° 8' 0" East
Sea level : This town stands on an elevation of 266ft above sea level
Tourism : Places of interests in and around Thiruvannamalai
This has been determined from an inscription in the structure that was made during the reign of Chola kings who ruled in the ninth century A.D
The temple dedicated to Lord Shiva was built between the 16th and the 17th centuries by the Chola kings of the Tamil empire. The temple is famous for its massive gopurams. This has been determined from an inscription in the structure that was made during the reign of Chola kings who ruled in the ninth century A.D
The 11 tiered East Rajagopuram towers to a height of 217 feet, while the fortified walls pierced with 4 gopura entrances offer a formidable look to this vast temple complex . The Pei Gopuram, Tirumanjana Gopuram and Ammanaiammal gopuram are the other three. The 1000 pillared hall and the temple tank were built by Krishna Deva Rayarar of Vijayanagar. Each of the prakarams has a huge Nandi and several towers such as the Vallala Maharaja Gopuram and Kili Gopuram
It is one of the panchabhoota sthalam - representing five basic elements. This is the Tejo Sthalam among the Pancha Bootha Sthalams representing Fire. The others are -Tiruvanaikavil (Appu sthalam - Water) Kanchipuram (Prithvi sthalam - Earth) Kalahasti (Vayu sthalam - Air) Chidambaram (Akasa sthalam - Space).
Tiruvannamalai is an ancient city named after the holy mountain "Tiruvannan Malai". Geologist consider this mountain is older than The Himalayas. The history of Tiruvannamalai can be tracked from B.C 100 Tamil Sangam age. We can also read about Girivalam circumambulation from ancient tamil literature such as Periya puranam, Kandha puranam and Thiru vilaiyadal puranam
Near By Places :
Explore the land of Thiruvannamalai, visiting the places around it, while on a Tour to Thiruvannamalai –
· Sathanur dam:
Constructed across Pennaiyar River among Chennakesava Hills, this dam is located 35 km from Thiruvannamalai. It has a well-maintained green foam park, huge trees, and a mini zoo with crocodile farm.
This village of temples is positioned 35 km from Thiruvannamalai. Near to it you can witness the remnants of a 13th century palace of the Sambuvarayars who were chieftains of the Chola Empire.
· Javadu Hills:
Situated 75 km from Thiruvannamalai, these stunning hills have many charming spots around it, such as the Beema Falls, Komutteri Lake, Kavalur Observatory, Amirthi Forest, and the Glass House.
· November-December is very attractive with Karthigai Deepam festival. It is the most popular festival in Thiruvannamalai.
· January is imposing with celebrations of 3 day Pongal festival.
· February –March is attractive with festivities of Sivaratri.
· October-November is festival season with Deepavali festivities celebrated with fireworks, pomp and show.