Vellore Details

Origin of the name:

The name Vellore, derived from the Tamil words : Vel (spear - வேல்) + uur (ஊர் - city), means city of spears. Ancient history shows that Vellore was basically a battle field, where the wars were staged. Due to the geography of the place, the place was always left with the used weapons like spears all around the year.

In another version, name Vellore is supposed to have been derived from some form of precious stone which had a similar sounding name. There are megalithic, proto-historical evidences in and around Vellore for such a semi-precious stone industry being prevalent in ancient times.

The region once bore an abundant growth of the Vela tree (வேல மரம்). Lore has it that the town derived its name from these trees.

The name is also said to have originated from Vel (spear - வேல்) which is the main weapon of the Hindu deity Murugan or 'Velayudayaan' (one who bears the spear). The word then literally means - The place of Murugan.

Population: As of 2001[update] India census, Vellore City had a population of  34,77317.

Climate: Temperatures in Vellore range from 18.95 to 38.3 (Celcius). Temperature ... Rainfall in Vellore varies from 12.0 to 633.0 (mm/month).

Economy: Vellore, an administrative center is predominantly a market place for its own district and neighboring districts such as Chittoor District (Andhra Pradesh) and Thiruvannamalai District.

The city, along with its nearby industrial towns has witnessed a consistent industrial growth, followed by the implementation of South Asia's second railway track between Chennai, Royapuram and Walajah. The Golden Quadrilateral road; has significantly improved the region's industrial activities.

Vellore lies between the IT majors (Chennai & Bangalore) and major pilgrim centres (Tirupathi and Thiruvannamalai). Thousands of men and women from here travel to Chennai and nearby industrial towns everyday for work.





Vellore is considered to be one of the best destinations for world class medical and technological education in India. Vellore has a State Government University, a Private Technological University, one Government and one Private Medical School, various other Engineering Colleges, numerous Arts and Science Institutions and a large number of both Government and Private Schools.

Research Centres

1.Vellore research centre

2.Agricultural Research Station


  1.Thiruvalluvar University

  2.Vellore Institute of Technology University (VIT)

The Vellore Institute of Technology University (popularly known as VIT) is in Katpadi, Vellore. VIT has been ranked as the Best Private Engineering University in India by the Magazine India Today. VIT is also the first Indian University to be accredited by the prestigious IEE (Institution of Electrical Engineers), London & ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology), USA . VIT University has six schools of study under its umbrella. VIT also houses the VIT Business School which is ranked among the 50 Best in India. VIT has students (around 15000) from all over India and over 20 countries studying in its vast and lush campus.


Medical and Nursing Colleges in Vellore are as below

Sl no

College Name



Christian Medical College and Hospital

Ida Scudder Road, Vellore - 632004


Vellore Government Medical College and Hospital

Chittor - Cuddalore Highway, Adukkamparai, Vellore - 632011


Narayani College of Nursing

Thirumalaikodi, Vellore - 632055


St. John College of Nursing

Vellore - 632001


College of Nursing, Christian Medical College

Bagayam,Vellore - 632002


Sl no

College Name



College of Occupational Therapy, Christian Medical College

Vellore - 632001


College of Physiotherapy, Christian Medical College

Vellore - 632001

Christian Medical College and Hospital



Main building of the Christian Medical College Hospital

Christian Medical College & Hospital (popularly known as CMC), one of the largest hospitals in India, is located in the heart of Vellore.

It attracts a floating population of at least 5000 persons every day. The hospital was founded in the early part of the 20th century by an American medical missionary Dr. Ida S. Scudder.

The CMC Hospital has a functioning quality management programme and is one of the first Asian hospitals to have been ISO certified.

Apart from these, there are low-cost, but effective treatment wards to treat people who cannot afford standar treatment, or therapy; however, not all treatments are low-cost and patients, regardless of their economic status, are expected to buy their medication.


Engineering Colleges in Vellore are as below

Sl no

College Name



G.G.R College Of Engineering

Chennai-Bangalore Highway, Perumugai, Vellore - 632509


C. Abdul Hakkeem College of Engineering and Technology,

Melvisharam, Vellore - 632509


Adhiparasakthi College of Engineering

Kalavai, Vellore - 632506


Ganadipathy Tulsis Jain College of Engineering

Chittor - Cuddalore Highway, Kaniyambadi, Vellore - 632102


Global Institute of Engineering and Technology,

Bangalore-Chennai Highway, Melvisharam, Vellore - 632509


Kingston College of Engineering

Chittor - Cuddalore Highway, Katpadi, Vellore - 632059


Ranipettai Engineering College

Chennai - Bangalore Highway, Walajah, Vellore – 632513


Thanthai Periyar Government Institute of Technology

Bagayam Road, Bagayam, Vellore – 632002


Vellore Institute of Technology

Thiruvalam Road, Katpadi, Vellore – 632014

Thanthai Periyar Government Institute of Technology (TPGIT) is one of the 6 Government Engineering Colleges in Tamil Nadu. It is located at Bagayam, Vellore.

Business Schools

  1. VIT Business School, VIT, Vellore. This school is a member of the Association of Advanced Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) International.All India Management Association (AIMA) in its survey published in the Indian Management (September 2009) graded VITBS at the top of the A3 schools in line with the top schools in the south of India.

Arts,Science and Law

The Thiruvalluvar University, which was formed by the bifurcation of University of Madras, is at present located in Vellore Fort campus. The Foundation stone for a multi-crore University Campus was laid at Serkaadu near Katpadi in Vellore by the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. Karunanidhi on 16th Feb 2008. Almost all of the Government run Arts and Science colleges present in Vellore District, Tiruvannamalai District, Villupuram District and Cuddalore District are affiliated to Thiruvalluvar University. The University students have taken part in various National and International events.

 Arts and Science

  1. Auxilium Women's College (founded in 1954, is the first womens College in Vellore District).[8]
  2. DKM (Dhanabakyam Krishnaswamy Mudhaliar) Women's College. near Sainathapuram, Vellore.
  3. Muthurangam Government Arts College (MGAC). Otteri near Bagayam, Vellore-632004.
  4. Voorhees College (Estd. 1898)- This College is the oldest in Vellore District. Famous as the Institution where Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, Former President of India, studied. Recently a Commemorative Stamp in honour of the Centenary of the College was issued by the government of India.
  5. Jothi's College of Arts & Science, 113, Vallimalai Road, Katpadi, Vellore - 7

Law College

  1. Government Law College, Vellore was started in 2008-09. It offers 3 year BL Course with an intake capacity of 80 seats. It's located in Katpadi, Vellore.


Adhiparasakthi Agriculture College, kalavai,Vellore, which is affiliated to Tamilnadu Agricultural University

Arabic Colleges

There are numerous Arabic colleges in Vellore, among them is the Madrasa-Baaqiyatus-Salehat, popularly known as Baaqiyaath, which is the second oldest Arabic college in India, after Madrasa-Darul-Uloom in Deoband, UP District.


Vellore has many Government run, Government aided and private run schools (including Matriculation, CBSE & ICSE/ISC). Following are the few among the list of schools here.

  1. Auxilium Girls Higher Secondary School (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus)
  2. Bethel Matriculation higher secondary school (Matric / Tamil Nadu state board syllabus)
  3. B.M.D Jain School (ICSE syllabus)
  4. DAV BHEL Higher Secondary School (CBSE Syllabus).
  5. Desia (Cambridge & oxford) Matriculation School. Virupatchipuram,Vellore.
  6. Don Bosco Higher Secondary School (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus)
  7. Government Higher Secondary School, Virupatchipuram (Tamil Nadu State Board Syllabus).
  8. Government Boys Higher Secondary School, Katpadi (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).
  9. Government Higher Secondary School, Kaneyanallur (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).
  10. Government Muslim Higher Secondary School (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).
  11. Holy Cross Matriculation Higher Secondary School (Matric / Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).
  12. Ida Scudder School (ICSE/ISC syllabus, Sister Concern of Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore).
  13. K. A. K. M (Mpl)Higher Secondary School (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).
  14. Lakshmi Garden matric hr sec school. (CBSE Syllabus), Vellore
  15. Madras Matriculation Higher Secondary School (Matric syllabus)
  16. N.Krishnaswamy Mudaliar Higher Secondary school (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus)
  17. Poorna Vidhyalaya Matriculation School (Matric Syllabus).
  18. Ramalingam Hr. Sec. School (Tamil Nadu State Board Syllabus)
  19. Ranipet Boys Higher Secondary School In RANIPET
  20. Rathinagiri Bageerathan Matriculation School(Matric/Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus)
  21. Siddhartha Senior Secondary School (CBSE).
  22. Shanthinikethan Matriculation Higher Secondary School (Matric / Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).
  23. Shiksha Kendra Residential School (Matric/Tamil Nadu Board Syllabus).
  24. Shrishti Marticulation Higher Secondary School (Matric / Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).
  25. Sri Narayani Vidyalaya Higher Secondary School, Tirumalaikkodi (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus) Golden temple fame
  26. Sri Venkateswara Higher Secondary School (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus, Run by Tirumala Tirupati Devastanam Board).
  27. Sri Ramakrishna hr sec school in BHEL Raniper
  28. St. Mary's Higher Secondary school (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).
  29. Sunbeam Matriculation School (Matric / Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus
  30. Vani Vidhyalaya Matriculation School (Matric / Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).
  31. Vedavalli Higher Secondary School (State Board), Walajapet
  32. Vedavalli Vidyalaya Senior Secondary School (CBSE), Walajapet
  33. Vedavalli Vidyalaya(CBSE),Ranipet
  34. Vellore Vallal N. Krishnaswamy Mudaliar English Medium School (CBSE Syllabus)
  35. Voorhees Higher Secondary School (Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).
  36. Williams Matriculation Higher Sec School (Matric / Tamil Nadu State Board syllabus).


Police Recruit School

Warders Training Centre

Academy of Prisons & Correctional Administration




1. BHEL Ltd.,  Ranipet   2. TEL Ltd.,  Katpadi   3.  Leather  &   Leather  Product  Industries   4.  Cotton  Yarn  manufacturing   Mills   5.  CO-op  Sugar  Mills   6.  Engineering  Industries   7.  Match  Industries   8.  Beedi  Industry   9.  Hand  Loom  & Power  Loom  Industries   10.  Chemical Industries                   

. Name of the Industrial Park :   1.  SIDCO.   Katpadi   2.  SIPCOT. Ranipet   3.  SIDCO.   Arkkonam

Movie Theatres:

Geography: North    12 0  15’   and      1315’/East   Between   780  20’     and     7950’

Sea level: It is located at 13 sea level (longitude 78° 49.6' E ; latitude 12° 34.6' N).

Tourism: Places of interests in and around Arcot:

Jalakandeswarar Temple, Srilakshmi Golden Temple, Seethalakshmana Sametha Sri Kothanda Ramar Swamy Temple at Rangapuram, Thengal Ashram, Sholinghur Narasimha Swamy Temple, Tarakeshwarar Temple and Shanebakkam Vinayagar Temple are few of the famous temples located here. Also the district is well known for numerous Murugan temples. The City also houses famous Churches and Mosques. The Assumption Cathedral and the 150-year-old St.Johns Church inside the Fort are some of the churches located in Vellore. The Big Mosque in the heart of the city houses the largest Arabic College in India.

History: First freedom fight against British done, Vellore has the blend of rich heritage and culture representing the ancient Dravidian civilization. It was the seat of the Pallavas, Cholas, Nayak, Marathas, Arcot Nawabs and Bijapur Sultan Kingdoms. Vellore was once the capital city of the mighty Vijayanagar empire during 1606-1672. The fort in Vellore was described as the best and the strongest fortress in the Carnatic War in the 17th Century. The monuments found in the district give a vivid picture of the evolution of the city through the ages.

In the region, for about the past 200 years, there were countless changes in the way of formation of kingdoms and their capitals. The 'North' and the 'South' regions of Arcot came into the political map in 1810 at the time of the last Mughal Emperor. Later in 1908, the two districts namely North and South Arcot came into existence. Chittoor (now in Andhra Pradesh) was the first capital of the North Arcot district. From then on, it was the principal military base of the British. In 1911, Vellore became the head quarters of North Arcot Dt. comprising Vellore and Thiruvannamalai.

K.M from Chennai:  It is at distance of 145 km



Near By Places :

Festivals: The festivals of Vellore are varied and add an extra spark of life to the town’s daily lives. The most important festival among these is defiantly Pongal, which is celebrated during the month of January.